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Which Of The Following Statements Describes The Chromosomes In Each Daughter Cell At The End Of Meiosis I? — Answer

Which of the following statements describes the chromosomes in each daughter cell at the end of meiosis I? Which of the following statements describes the chromosomal makeup of each daughter cell after telophase of meiosis I? The cells are haploid, and the chromosomes are each composed of two chromatids.

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Which of the following statement is true of a species that has a chromosome number of 2n 16?

When a species’ chromosome number is 2n = 16, that means the diploid cell has 16 chromosomes. A diploid cell has two sets of chromosomes (2n). A haploid cell (gamete) has only one set of chromosomes, a total of eight.

What happens to the chromosomes in each stage of meiosis?

In metaphase II, the chromosomes line up individually along the metaphase plate. In anaphase II, the sister chromatids separate and are pulled towards opposite poles of the cell. In telophase II, nuclear membranes form around each set of chromosomes, and the chromosomes decondense.

What happens to the chromosomes in anaphase 1 of meiosis?

Anaphase I: In anaphase I, the attachment of the spindle fibers is complete. The homologous chromosomes are pulled apart and move towards opposite ends of the cell. Do not confuse this with the pulling apart of sister chromatids! This is the point in which reduction occurs with 23 chromosomes moving to each pole.

Which one of the following statements best describes the chromosomes in the cells at the end of meiosis?

which one of the following statements best describes the chromosomes in the cells at the END of meiosis I? The cells contain the haploid number of chromosomes.


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Which of the following statements best describes homologous chromosomes?

Which of the following statements best describes homologous chromosomes? Chromosomes that have the same genes in the same position and are the same size and shape. When are homologous chromosomes separated during meiosis? Organisms that have a single copy of each gene are called .


Which of the following characteristics do homologous chromosomes exhibit?

Which of the following characteristics do homologous chromosomes exhibit? They carry information for the same characters. Homologous chromosomes contain the same gene loci but may have different alleles of a particular gene. Sister chromatids are identical copies of each other produced during DNA replication.


Which of the following are characteristics of meiosis?

During meiosis one cell? divides twice to form four daughter cells. These four daughter cells only have half the number of chromosomes? of the parent cell – they are haploid. Meiosis produces our sex cells or gametes? (eggs in females and sperm in males).


During which phase of meiosis does crossing over of chromosomes occur?

Crossing over occurs during prophase I of meiosis before tetrads are aligned along the equator in metaphase I. By meiosis II, only sister chromatids remain and homologous chromosomes have been moved to separate cells.


What happens to the cell in anaphase 1?

In anaphase I, the paired homologous chromosomes would separate from each other and move to opposite ends of the cell as the kinetochore microtubules shorten. This stage begins as soon as homologous chromosomes begin separating and ends when the chromosomes arrive at opposite ends of the cell.


Which description best describes the function of chromosomes?

which of the following best describes the function of chromosomes? enable more efficient packing and transporting of genetic material in mitosis.


Which of the following statements describes a cell that undergoes mitosis but not cytokinesis quizlet?

Which of the following statements describes a cell that undergoes mitosis but not cytokinesis? The cell contains more than one nucleus.


Which statement best describes how homologous chromosomes are separated during meiosis?

Which statement best describes how homologous chromosomes are separated during meiosis I? The two homologous chromosomes separate into two different daughter cells. A(n) _____ is an individual animal that possesses both male and female sex organs.


Which of the following would be considered homologous chromosomes?

In humans, the nucleus typically contains 46 chromosomes. Thus, there are 22 pairs of autosomes with approximately the same length, staining pattern, and genes with the same loci. As for the sex chromosomes, the two X chromosomes are considered as homologous whereas the X and Y chromosomes are not.


What are homologous chromosomes quizlet?

Homologous chromosomes are chromosome pairs, one from each parent, that are similar in length, gene position and centromere location. Homologous chromosomes are similar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in the same order, but the alleles for each trait may not be the same.


Which of the following statements describes one characteristic of each chromosome?

Which of the following statements describes one characteristic of each chromosome in a cell during the entire process of meiosis I? Each chromosome consists of two sister chromatids joined by a centromere.


Which of the following statements correctly describes a karyotype?

Which of the following statements correctly describes a karyotype? It is an organized image of a cell’s chromosomes. The cells are haploid, and the chromosomes are each composed of two chromatids.


Does random segregation occur in anaphase 2?

Chromosome segregation occurs at two separate stages during meiosis called anaphase I and anaphase II (see meiosis diagram). Different pairs of chromosomes segregate independently of each other, a process termed “independent assortment of non-homologous chromosomes”.


Does segregation of alleles occur in meiosis 1 or 2?

As chromosomes separate into different gametes during meiosis, the two different alleles for a particular gene also segregate so that each gamete acquires one of the two alleles.


How do the cells in meiosis differ?

Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. In contrast, meiosis gives rise to four unique daughter cells, each of which has half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.


What are the characteristics of the cell cycle?

The cell cycle is a four-stage process in which the cell increases in size (gap 1, or G1, stage), copies its DNA (synthesis, or S, stage), prepares to divide (gap 2, or G2, stage), and divides (mitosis, or M, stage).


Which of the following is characteristic of meiosis 2?

During meiosis II, the sister chromatids within the two daughter cells separate, forming four new haploid gametes. The mechanics of meiosis II is similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes.


Which of the following is a characteristic of mitosis?

Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. The characteristics of Mitosis are: During mitosis one cell divides once to form two identical cells. The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.


What are the main stages of meiosis?

There are six stages within each of the divisions, namely prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis. In this article, we will look at the stages of meiosis and consider its significance in disease.


What events take place during meiosis?

In meiosis, the chromosome or chromosomes duplicate (during interphase) and homologous chromosomes exchange genetic information (chromosomal crossover) during the first division, called meiosis I. The daughter cells divide again in meiosis II, splitting up sister chromatids to form haploid gametes.


During which phase of meiosis does crossing over of chromosomes occur quizlet?

Crossing over occurs during prophase I of meiosis I. It involves the switching of genes between homologues non-sister chromatids which allows the mixture of maternal and paternal genetic material with new, recombinant chromosomes.


In which region of chromosome does crossing over takes place?

Crossing over occurs between prophase I and metaphase I and is the process where two homologous non-sister chromatids pair up with each other and exchange different segments of genetic material to form two recombinant chromosome sister chromatids.


How does anaphase 1 in meiosis differ from anaphase in mitosis?

In anaphase 1 in meiosis, homologous pairs are separated but sister chromatids stay joined together. In anaphase 1 of mitosis the sister chromatids do separate.